Czechoslovakian Agreement

MUNICH, Germany, Sept. 30, 1938 (UP) – A historic four-power agreement on the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany was sealed today by the adoption of Czechoslovakia. The Prague government told Britain that it had accepted the compromise agreement. The announcement was made today by Premier Neville Chamberlain. At the same time, Chamberlain announced that German troops would invade a certain area of the Sudetenland tomorrow afternoon or evening. Advertising The agreement on the annexation of the Sudetenland by Germany was signed on September 29, 1938. In March 1938, Germany annexed Austria with annexation. It was generally expected that the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, with its large German population, led by Nazi politician Konrad Henlein, would be Hitler`s next demand. Indeed, as Hitler delivered increasingly inflammatory speeches calling for the reunification of the German minority in Czechoslovakia with his homeland, war seemed increasingly likely.

Many thought that war was inevitable and that a peace agreement that would satisfy everyone would be impossible to achieve. Later in the session, a pre-arranged deception was made to influence Chamberlain and put pressure on him: one of Hitler`s advisers entered the room to inform Hitler that other Germans had been killed in Czechoslovakia, to which Hitler shouted in response: „I will avenge each of them. The Czechs must be annihilated. [32] The meeting ended with Hitler`s refusal to make concessions to the Allies` demands. [32] Later that evening, Hitler worried that he had gone too far to put pressure on Chamberlain and called the suite of Chamberlain`s hotel and said he would agree to annex only the Sudetenland, with no plans in other areas, provided that Czechoslovakia began the evacuation of ethnic Czechs from German-majority territories by September 26 at 8:00.m. After pressure from Chamberlain, Hitler agreed to set the ultimatum for October 1 (the same date on which Operation Green was to begin). [37] Hitler then told Chamberlain that this was a concession he was willing to make to the prime minister as a „gift,“ out of respect for the fact that Chamberlain had been willing to deviate somewhat from his previous position. [37] Hitler went on to say that after the annexation of the Sudetenland, Germany would no longer have territorial claims over Czechoslovakia and would conclude a collective agreement to guarantee the borders of Germany and Czechoslovakia. [37] An agreement signed at the Munich Conference of September 1938 ceded the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany.

The agreement was concluded between Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France. Czechoslovakia was not allowed to participate in the conference. In March 1939, six months after the munich accords were signed, Hitler violated the agreement and destroyed the Czech state. UCLA Film and Television Archives. The solution to the Czechoslovak problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a greater solution in which the whole of Europe can find peace. This morning I had another conversation with the German Chancellor, Mr. Hitler, and here is the newspaper that says both his name and my name. Some of you may have heard what`s in it, but I just want to read it to you: „. We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the will of our two peoples never to go to war with each other again. [96] The Munich Accords (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Munich Agreement) or Munich Betrayal (Czech: Mnichovská zrada; Mníchovská zrada) was an agreement concluded on 30 September 1938 in Munich between Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Third Republic and the Kingdom of Italy. It provided for the „cession of the Sudeten German territory“ from Czechoslovakia to Germany.

[1] Most European countries celebrated the agreement because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany, a region in western Czechoslovakia inhabited by more than 3 million people, mostly German-speaking. Hitler proclaimed this was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to be between war and appeasement. On September 22, Chamberlain, who was about to board his plane to go to Germany for further talks in Bad Godesberg, told the press that met him there: „My goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the path to that peace.“ Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a generous welcome with a German band playing „God Save the King“ and Germans who gave Chamberlain flowers and gifts. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all sudetenland without reductions would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler learned of this, he replied, „Does this mean that the Allies accepted Prague`s consent to the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany?“ Chamberlain replied, „Exactly,“ to which Hitler reacted with a nod, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia completely dissolved and its territories distributed to Germany, Poland, and Hungary, and ordered Chamberlain to take or leave it. [32] Chamberlain was shocked by this statement. [32] Hitler went on to tell Chamberlain that since their last meeting on the 15th, Czechoslovakia`s actions, which Hitler said involved murders of Germans, had made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government, recognizing the desperation of the struggle against the Nazis alone, reluctantly capitulated (September 30) and agreed to abide by the agreement. The colony gave Germany the Sudetenland from October 10 and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further.

On September 30, after a little rest, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily accepted. Meanwhile, the British government has demanded that Beneš ask for a mediator. As Beneš did not want to break his government`s relations with Western Europe, he reluctantly agreed. .