Schengen States that share an external land border with a non-EU Member State have the right, under Regulation (EU) No 1931/2006, to conclude or maintain bilateral agreements with neighbouring third countries for the purpose of implementing a local border traffic regime.  Such agreements define a border area that can extend up to 50 kilometres (31 miles) on both sides of the border and provide for the granting of permits for local border traffic to residents of the border area. Authorisations can be used to cross the EU`s external border within the border area, are not stamped when crossing the border and include the name and photograph of the holder, a statement that the holder is not allowed to move outside the border area and that any abuse may be subject to sanctions. The ETIAS travel authorisation gives access to all the countries covered by the Schengen Agreement, i.e. the ETIAS and Schengen countries are the same, an ETIAS authorisation is effectively a Schengen visa. British citizens have enjoyed freedom of movement in Europe since the country joined the EU in 1973 (then known as the European Economic Area), but it is expected to end in 2020 after the end of the Brexit transition period. The UK Parliament`s coordination group recently drafted a resolution calling for a reciprocal visa waiver agreement between the two countries after negotiations begin. This would allow travellers from the EU and the UK to continue to enter for tourism, study, research, training and youth exchanges. Users will be notified as soon as they have spent £45 (€49), after which they will need to log in to continue using the internet. He stressed that the December 31 deadline for an agreement between the UK and the EU was now almost impossible to meet. From 2015, Andorra, Monaco and San Marino negotiated an association agreement with the EU.
Andorra`s ambassador to Spain, Jaume Gaytán, said he hoped the agreement would contain provisions to make states associate members of the Schengen agreement.  The EU has filed a lawsuit against the UK in response to sections of the Internal Market Act that violate international law. Boris Johnson refused to abandon the withdrawal agreement bill presented in early September. Vatican City has an open border with Italy. In 2006, it expressed its interest in acceding to the Schengen Agreement on enhanced cooperation in the exchange of information and similar activities covered by the Schengen Information System.  Exceptionally, Italy allowed people to visit Vatican City without being accepted for an Italian visa, then escorted by police between the airport and the Vatican or to use a helicopter. [Citation needed] However, there is no customs union (including customs duties) between Italy and the Vatican, so all vehicles are checked at the Vaticano`s borders. Claude Moraes, rapporteur for the latest proposal, awaiting adoption, said: „As the Brexit clock ticks, it is important to move forward with this measure, which exempts UK citizens from the visa requirement when travelling to the EU. This will help clarify the EU`s visa policy after Brexit. In December 2015, Sweden passed a temporary law that allows the government to require all transport companies to verify that their passengers carry valid photo IDENTIFICATION. The new law entered into force on 21 December 2015 and is valid until 21 December 2018.
 The government has decided that the new rules will apply from January 4, 2016 to July 4, 2016. The new law led to the obligation to transfer and pass trains through cross-border checks at Copenhagen Airport for passengers between Copenhagen and Sweden and to reduce the frequency of the service.  Sweden had previously introduced (November 15, 2015) border controls from Denmark, but this could not stop the flow of migrants as they have the right to apply for asylum once on Swedish soil. First of all, when transport companies had to arrest foreigners on the Danish side, asylum seekers were effectively arrested. This led to significant disruptions to rail traffic, as the station did not have the capacity to carry out such checks. These checks lasted until 4 May 2017, after the European Commission declared these checks unacceptable. It has even been suggested that the UK`s access to the SIS II database for criminal suspects could be completely blocked even before the end of the transition agreement. .